The effect of anxiety and depression on quality of life in turkish non small lung cancer patients Türk küçük hücre dışı akciǧer kanser hastalarında anksiyete ve depresyonun yaşam kalitesine etkisi

Alacacioǧlu A., ÖZTOP İ., Yilmaz U.

Turk Toraks Dergisi, vol.13, no.2, pp.50-55, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.5152/ttd.2012.12
  • Journal Name: Turk Toraks Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.50-55
  • Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, EORTC QLQ-C30, Non small cell lung cancer
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: We investigated the levels of anxiety, depression and quality of life of non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients receiving chemotherapy. Material and Method: Forty three patients with NSCLC cancer receiving chemotherapy were included in this study. The series of forms including the questions regarding the demographic characteristics of the patients, Turkish version of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Turkish version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and EORTC- QLQ-C30 (version 3) were completed during face-to-face interviews by trained interviewers to determine the psychological status and quality of life of the patients. Results: The mean Beck depression scores were 18±10.1 (range 0-40) and the mean STAI scores were 46.2±6.6 (range 33-60). 46.5% of the patients (20 patients) (Beck Depression scores ≥17 points) were determined as depressive. The STAI and EORTCQLQ C30 symptom scales scores (excluding the dyspnea, diarrhea, constipation, appetite loss and financial problems) of the depressive patients (BDI≥17) were significantly higher than that of the non depressive patients (BDI<17). On the other hand, the EORTC-QLQ C30 function scales (physical, role, cognitive, emotional and social function scales) and global quality of life scores of the depressive patients (BDI≥17) were significantly lower than that of the non depressive patients (BDI<17). Conclusion: In our study, anxiety and depression levels were high in Turkish NSCLC cancer patients. We found that depression was strongly associated with the poor quality of life in Turkish NSCLC cancer patients.