Silver Nanoparticles Enhance the Antibacterial Effect of Antibiotic-Loaded Bone Cement

Kehribar L., Aydin M., Coşkun H. S., Surucu S.

CUREUS JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCE, no.2, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier


PurposeThe goal of this study was to determine the antibacterial activity of bone cement in polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) structures with varying amounts of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) included. Additionally, we aimed to evaluate whether AgNPs affect the biomechanical properties of PMMA cement in our study.Materials and methodsBetween April 2020 and June 2020, we conducted a series of experiments to demonstrate the antibacterial characteristics by adding silver nanoparticles to PMMA bone cement. PMMA bone cement (Cemex, Tecres Company, Verona, Italy) was used as the base material. Seven different samples were prepared in order to evaluate the amount and presence of AgNPs. Cement samples containing AgNPs and teicoplanin at different concentrations and empty cement (control, without teicoplanin and AgNPs) were placed on Petri plates. The agar diffusion method was used to determine the antibacterial effect (Kirby-Bauer).ResultsKirby-Bauer assays demonstrated that AgNPs added to bone cement increased the antimicrobial activity compared to antibiotic-free or only teicoplanin-loaded cement. It was observed that increasing the AgNPs ratio further increased the antimicrobial activity.ConclusionAgNPs in various combinations enhance antimicrobial activity synergistically while maintaining the mechanical strength of bone cement. Increasing the amount of AgNPs results in a significant increase in antimicrobial activity.