Importance of Vitamin D Status and Nerve Conduction in Pediatric Cystic Fibrosis Patients


Polat I., Kose S. S., AYANOĞLU M., Okur D., BAYRAM E., YİŞ U., ...More

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC NEUROLOGY, 2023 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1055/s-0042-1758056
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC NEUROLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Cystic fibrosis is one of the most common inherited diseases. It presents with recurrent respiratory infections, pancreatic insufficiency, and growth retardation. Neurological involvement becomes more common as life expectancy increases. Chronic hypoxia, impaired glucose intolerance, autoimmune mechanisms, vasculitis changes, and micronutrient deficiencies seem to cause neuropathy in cystic fibrosis. This study was aimed to investigate peripheral neuropathy in pediatric cystic fibrosis patients. Twenty-one cystic fibrosis patients and 19 healthy control subjects between the ages of 7 and 17 years were included. Their nerve conduction study results and laboratory investigations were analyzed. Participants were classified into four groups; 1. Cystic fibrosis with vitamin D deficiency, 2. Cystic fibrosis with normal vitamin D levels, 3. Healthy subjects with vitamin D deficiency, 4. Healthy subjects with normal vitamin D levels. We found statistically significantly lower sensory median nerve sensorial nerve action potential, sensorial sural nerve conduction velocity, and motor peroneal nerve compound motor action potential in cystic fibrosis patients with vitamin D deficiency than in other cases. We also found that the main difference between cystic fibrosis and control groups was especially in patients with low vitamin D levels. Nerve damage starts at an early age, especially in cystic fibrosis patients especially those with vitamin D deficiency. Electrophysiological evaluation to assess neuropathy is important even in asymptomatic patients. Prevention of hypovitaminosis D is important to prevent neuropathy in cystic fibrosis patients.