Effect of decompressive hemicraniectomy in patients with acute middle cerebral artery infarction 2050

Suner H. I., Tanburoglu A., Durdag E., Civi S., Gunesli Yetisken A., Kardes O., ...More

TURKISH JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, vol.51, no.4, pp.2057-2065, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/sag-2011-66
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.2057-2065
  • Keywords: Decompressive hemicraniectomy, stroke, middle cerebral artery, HEALTH-CARE PROFESSIONALS, TERRITORY INFARCTION, STROKE, MANAGEMENT, CRANIECTOMY, GUIDELINES
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No


Background/aim: We aimed to determine in which cases this procedure may be more effective based on the data of patients who underwent decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC). Material and methods: Overall, 47 patients who underwent DHC due to acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction between January 2014 and january 2019 were retrospectively investigated. These patients were divided into two groups: those who died after DHC (Group A) and those who survived DHC (Group B). The groups were compared in terms of various parameters. We investigated whether the patient's modified Rankin scale (mRS) status changed depending on age (> 60 and < 60 years). Results: The median age of all patients was 65 (37-80) years; groups A and B had median ages of 66.5 (37-80) and 61 (44-79) years (p = 0.111), respectively; 55.3% patients were male. The elapsed times until hospitalization after the onset of symptoms were 4.5 and 3 h in groups A and B, respectively (p = 0.014). The median GCS score at the time of admission was 7 (5-12) and 10 (8-14) in groups A and B, respectively (p = 0.0001). At the time of admission, 63.3% patients in group A had anisocoria, whereas no patient in group B had anisocoria (p = 0.0001). In postoperative period, 40% patients in group A and all patients in group B received AC/AA treatment. The survival of patients aged < 60 and > 60 years who underwent DHC for MCA infraction was 61.5% and 26.5%, respectively (p = 0,041). The median mRS of patients < 60 and > 60 years were 4 (1-6) and 6 (1-6), respectively (p = 0.018). Conclusion: Age, DHC timing, and elapsed time until hospitalization or access to treatment directly affect the functional outcome and survival in MCA-infarcted patients who underwent DHC. In patients in whom the medical treatment fails, early DHC administration will increase survival without waiting for neurological worsening once herniation is detected radiologically.