COVID-19, Artificial Intelligence and Wastewater-based Epidemiology.


Özyaman F., Yılmaz Ö.

2nd International Artificial Intelligence Health Congress 2021, İzmir, Turkey, 16 - 18 April 2021, pp.130

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: İzmir
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.130
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

COVID-19, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND WASTEWATER-BASED EPIDEMIOLOGY- REVIEW Füsun Özyaman1 , Özlem Yılmaz1 1 Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Tıbbi Mikrobiyoloji, İzmir, Turkey Introduction, Purpose: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic has become a health emergency globally. Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) and artificial intelligence (AI) help to determine presence and concentration of COVID-19 at the population in depth and real time and is effective in pandemics management. Method-Materials, Results: Population-wide data can help in modeling COVID-19 pandemic and future outbreaks. Computational analysis, modeling and simulations are used to show the feasibility, advantages, disadvantages in COVID-19 infections using WBE and different variables. WBE is cheaper and faster compared to the clinical screening, but WBE cannot replace it. Data and analysis save money, can be used worldwide and manages pandemic. Different simulation models are developed to regulate undesired influences and to improve monitoring the level of COVID-19 infection at the wastewater treatment plants. Another AI model is used to predict, manage and prevent risk of norovirus outbreaks. AI model for predicting the levels of respiratory and fecal-oral transmission potentials of COVID-19 was formed to show the disorder level of nucleocapsid and membrane proteins and the hard coronavirus outer shell is seen which can shed high numbers of virus. Wastewater surveillance by droplet digital-PCR quantifies coronavirus without large sequencing, can identify outbreaks before they occur and can be used in transport industry and on campuses to monitor transmission. Conclusion: In this review early detection of the pandemic by using AI and WBE for the effective management of the pandemic and for protection of the public health, coronavirus detection and quantification in wastewater and suggestions for improvement is overviewed.