Anthropogenic pollution in xIzmit Bay: Heavy metal concentrations is surface sediments

YAŞAR D., AKSU A., Uslu O.

Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences, vol.25, no.4, pp.299-313, 2001 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.299-313
  • Keywords: Heavy metals, Izmit Bay, Marine pollution
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


The extent of marine pollution in Izmit Bay is studied using geochemical data in surface sediments. The concentrations of 41 elements in 24 samples establish that surface sediments in inner and central lzmit Bay display significant enrichments in Ag, As, Cd, Cr, Co, Cu, Hg, Mo, P, Pb, Sb, Ti, V, and Zn associated with high concentrations of total organic carbon and sulphur. Geo-accumulation indices indicate that the inner and central Izmit Bay surface sediments are moderately to very strongly polluted with respect to Ag, Cd, Hg, Mo and Sb, and unpolluted to moderately polluted with respect to As, Co, Cu, Pb, and Zn. Despite total sedimentary concentrations above their pre-industrial background levels, geo-accumulation indices show that the surface sediments in ̇Izmit Bay are unpolluted with respect to Cr, Ti and V. Except for a localized area offshore Tuzla, the outer Izmit Bay is generally unpolluted with respect to heavy metals.