The Role of Women Discrimination and Gender Inequality in Development: The Cross-Section Analysis by Different Income Groups


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TUNÇ M.

SOSYOEKONOMI, vol.26, no.38, pp.221-251, 2018 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 38
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2018.04.13
  • Journal Name: SOSYOEKONOMI
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.221-251
  • Keywords: Women in Development, Employment of Women, Gender Discrimination, Gender Inequality, Feminist Economics, LABOR-FORCE, SEX
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this article, the effects of women's discrimination and gender inequality in the development process are discussed. The aim of the study is to discuss and empirically test the effects of gender inequality on income and human development at the theoretical level within the framework of feminist economic theory that questions women's discrimination on the basis of gender. In this study, the effect of gender inequality due to women discrimination on human development level was investigated by using least squares method. Research findings show that in countries with lower income and human development levels, the increase in gender inequality is higher than that of high-income countries, and that inequalities on gender basis are higher and the feminisation of poverty. The findings of the research support the feminist economic theory which suggests that cultural factors and women's perspective in low-income countries determine the position of women in development.