Treatment options in extravasation injury: an experimental study in rats.

Yilmaz M., DEMİRDÖVER C., Mola F.

Plastic and reconstructive surgery, vol.109, no.7, pp.2418-23, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Local skin necrosis after extravasation of doxorubicin hydrochloride (Adriamycin), a widely used chemotherapeutic agent, is a common problem in cancer patients. Even though several treatment options have been proposed for extravasation injuiry, there is still controversy regarding the management of such lesions. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of saline infiltration vitamin C infiltration, suction technique, and early surgical excision as a treatment in a rat extravasation model. The authors planned their study in two stages. In stage 1, the lowest effective close of doxorubicin at which a homogeneous skin necrosis was formed and the method of administration were investigated. Intradermal and sub-pannicular injections were made for six rats. using six different concentrations of doxorubicin (0.33, 0.5, 0.66 1.0. 1.33. and 1.5 mg/ml). In stage 1, the intradermal injection produced homogeneous and uniform tissue necrosis. In stage 2, the efficacy of saline infiltration (group 1), vitamin C infiltration (group 2). Suction (group 3), uction saline washout (group 4 ).suction and vitamin C washout (group 5). and early surgical excision (group 6) was compared. The treatment options were applied 2 hours after doxorubicin injection. At the end of the seventh clad, the presence and size of ulcers at the injection site were calculated. Fourteen days after injection, a histopathologic examination was performed for each treatment and control group. In groups 1 and 3, there was no statistically significant difference in the size of necrosis compared with the control groups. In groups 2, 4. and 5, the size of necrosis was smaller compared with the control groups, and this was statistically significant. Furthermore, in group 4 (suction and Saline washout) and group 5 (suction and vitamin C washout). the calculated area of necrosis was smaller compared with other treatment groups, and this was statistically significant, The findings supported the assertion that Suction and saline or vitamin C washout reduce necrotic tissue size in extravasation injury.