Although carbon dioxide (CO2) in the air is at a low level (between 0 and 0.03%), the concentration of it is significantly higher in industrial regions. The CO2 concentration in the atmosphere increases 2-3 ppm every year because of the burning of fossil fuels. Global studies have focused on reducing the carbon dioxide level to the minimum limit (450 ppm) by reducing CO2 emissions 50-80% by the year 2050. In this study, in order to minimize the CO2 levels in the Aliaga and Ataturk industrial districts in Izmir, Turkey, S. elongatus from cyanobacteria were isolated from the Golcuk Lake in Odemis, Izmir, and were used to produce 1-butanol from CO2 via photosynthesis as a fuel source, instead of gasoline, for cars. The maximum 1-butanol concentration produced was 79 mg/L, and the 1-butanol(produced)/CO2utilized efficiency was 87.6% in the S. elongatus species isolated from the Golcuk Lake at a temperature of 30 degrees C, at 60 W light intensity, at pH = 7.1, at 120 mV redox potential, at a flow rate of 0.083 m(3)/min using CO2 from the Aliaga industrial region, and at 0.5 mg/L dissolved O-2 concentration. The maximum 1-butanol concentration produced was 59 mg/L, and the 1-butanol(produced)/CO2utilized efficiency was 67.9% in the Ataturk industrial district due to low levels of polluted air in this region. In order to produce 10.000 m(3) 1-butanol from 1000 g/L CO2, the cost was calculated as 0.13 euro, while the addition of plasmid increased the cost to 0.66 euro to produce 10.000 m(3) 1-butanol.