Role of enhanced surface grain refinement and hardness improvement induced by the combined effect of friction stir processing and ultrasonic impact treatment on slurry abrasive wear performance of silicon carbide particle reinforced A356 composites

Gençer G. M., Kahraman F., Yolcu C.

MATERIALS RESEARCH EXPRESS, vol.8, no.12, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/2053-1591/ac3f5c
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: friction stir processing, ultrasonic impact treatment, slurry abrasive wear, silicon carbide, composite, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, MATERIAL FLOW, SIC PARTICLES, MATRIX COMPOSITES, HYBRID COMPOSITES, MAGNESIUM ALLOY, AIR BLAST, DRY WEAR, BEHAVIOR, MICROSTRUCTURE
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the slurry abrasive wear behavior of silicon carbide particle reinforced A356 composite alloy was investigated after the different surface mechanical attrition treatments. It is known that the aluminum matrix composites produced by the stir casting method have some deficiencies (e.g unfavorable microstructure formation, particle clustering, porosity formation, etc). These kinds of drawbacks of the composites adversely affect the surface mechanical properties of materials such as wear resistance. For this purpose, the surface properties of the silicon carbide reinforced A356 matrix composites fabricated through the stir casting method were improved by using friction stir processing (FSP) and ultrasonic impact treatment (UIT) in the study. The results indicated that a remarkable increase was observed in the hardness and wear resistance of the cast composite via FSP and ultrasonic impact treatment following friction stir processing (FSP + UIT). The hardness of the stir zone after FSP and FSP + UIT was determined as 82.7+-2 HV and 101.9 +-3 HV0.2, respectively. The stir zone showed a similar tendency also in slurry abrasive wear resistance. FSP increased the wear resistance in the stir zone at the rate of 33.9% while it was determined as 35.5% for FSP + UIT. The microstructural modification of the cast composite that occurred after FSP was clearly demonstrated via optical microscope and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) examinations. Enhanced grain refinement after FSP + UIT was indicated especially by x-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). According to the findings, it was observed that the application of ultrasonic impact treatment following the friction stir processing can be used to obtain an enhanced microstructure and extra hardness increment in the surface of the SiC reinforced A356 alloy, thus resulting in slurry abrasive wear resistance increment.