Toll-interacting protein may affect doxorubicin resistance in hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines

Demir A. B., Baris E., Kaner U. B., ALOTAİBİ H., Atabey N., KOÇ A.

MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS, no.10, pp.8551-8563, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11033-023-08737-2
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.8551-8563
  • Keywords: Cancer drug resistance, Doxorubicin, Hepatocellular carcinoma, Toll-interacting protein
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


BackgroundLiver cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of liver cancer. Transarterial interventions are among the chemotherapeutic approaches used in hardly operable regions prior to transplantation, and in electrochemotherapy, where doxorubicin is used. However, the efficacy of treatment is affected by resistance mechanisms. Previously, we showed that overexpression of the CUE5 gene results in doxorubicin resistance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae). In this study, the effect of Toll-interacting protein (TOLLIP), the human ortholog of CUE5, on doxorubicin resistance was evaluated in HCC cells to identify its possible role in increasing the efficacy of transarterial interventions.Methods and resultsThe NIH Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and Oncomine datasets were analyzed for HCC cell lines with relatively low and high TOLLIP expression, and SNU449 and Hep3B cell lines were chosen, respectively. TOLLIP expression was increased by plasmid transfection and decreased by TOLLIP-siRNA in both cell lines and evaluated by RT-PCR and ELISA. Cell proliferation and viability were examined using xCELLigence and MTT assays after doxorubicin treatment, and growth inhibitory 50 (GI 50) concentrations were evaluated. Doxorubicin GI 50 concentrations decreased approximately 2-folds in both cell lines upon silencing TOLLIP after 48 h of drug treatment.ConclusionsOur results showed for the first time that silencing TOLLIP in hepatocellular carcinoma cells may help sensitize these cells to doxorubicin and increase the efficacy of chemotherapeutic regimens where doxorubicin is used.