Thermophilic dark fermentation of acid hydrolyzed waste ground wheat for hydrogen gas production


ÖZMIHÇI S., Kargi F., Cakir A.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.36, no.3, pp.2111-2117, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.11.033
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2111-2117
  • Keywords: Acid hydrolyzed wheat starch, Bio-hydrogen, Biomass, Dark fermentation, Substrate concentration, BIOHYDROGEN PRODUCTION, FOOD WASTE, STARCH, BATCH, TEMPERATURE, SLUDGE, YIELD, WATER
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Batch dark fermentation experiments were performed to investigate the effects of biomass and substrate concentration on bio-hydrogen production from acid hydrolyzed ground wheat at 55 degrees C. In the first set of experiments, the substrate concentration was constant at 20 g total sugar L-1 and biomass concentration was varied between 0.52 and 2.58 g L-1. Total sugar concentration was varied between 4.2 and 23.7 g L-1 in the second set of experiments with a 1.5 g L-1 constant biomass concentration. The highest cumulative hydrogen formation (582 mL, 30 degrees C, 1 atm), formation rate (5.43 mL h(-1)) and final total volatile fatty acid (TVFA) concentration (6.54 g L-1) were obtained with 1.32 g L-1 biomass concentration. In variable substrate concentration experiments, the highest cumulative hydrogen (365 mL) and TVFA concentration (4.8 g L-1) were obtained with 19.25 g L-1 initial total sugar concentration while hydrogen gas formation rate (12.95 mL h(-1)) and the yield (200 mL H-2 g(-1) total sugar) were the highest with 4.2 g L-1 total sugar concentration. (C) 2010 Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.