Possibilities of production and storage of hydrogen in the black sea

Haklidir M., Tut F. S., KAPKIN Ş.

16th World Hydrogen Energy Conference 2006, WHEC 2006, Lyon, France, 13 - 16 June 2006, vol.4, pp.3072-3079 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 4
  • City: Lyon
  • Country: France
  • Page Numbers: pp.3072-3079
  • Keywords: Black sea, Hydrogen energy, Hydrogen storage, Hydrogen sulphide
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Black Sea, a highly-isolated inland sea, is the largest anoxic zone in the world. Since the hydrogen sulphide zone was discovered in early 19th century in the Black Sea, it has been adopted that there is no life in the depths of the Black Sea and there are only bacteria live in the hydrogen sulphide layer. High content of organic matter, with maximum processes of bacterial sulfate reduction is the major source of this hydrogen sulphide zone. Hydrogen sulphide is one of the most poisonous gases in the world but it has great economic value to obtain hydrogen via dissociated into hydrogen and sulphure. Thus the Black Sea is not only has a serious environmental contamination but also has potential source of hydrogen energy, if a decomposition process can be developed. In this study, the sources of hydrogen sulphide, environmental impact of hydrogen sulphide in the Black Sea, the available techniques of hydrogen production from hydrogen sulphide and the possibilities of hydrogen storage by the natural sources in the Black Sea have been investigated. Copyright © (2006) by AFHYPAC.