Monitoring Infectious Diseases Spread in Population by Determining the Pathogen Microorganisms in Wastewater


Özyaman F., Yılmaz Ö.

3rd International Health Science and Life Congress, İzmir, Turkey, 4 - 06 May 2020, pp.361

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: İzmir
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.361
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

 Infectious diseases such as frequently isolated pathogens infections and recently Covid-19 cause serious health problems. Increasing population and antimicrobial resistance produced novel pathogens which resulted an increase in infectious diseases globally. Detection of Helicobacter pylori in various aquatic environments including wastewater and hospital wastewater were reported in several studies and there are evidences of this patogen’s waterborn transmission. Recently epidemic became a public health emergency worldwide. Because of limited medical screening of the epidemic is in focus, wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE)is seen as potential complementary tool for determining presence and prevalence of infections in the population and for managing the epidemic. Researches related with Coronavirus and other pathogens included studies investigating its survival, occurrence in waste water and detection methods. Monitoring changes of pathogen concentration in wastewater provides an early warning and identifies undiagnosed disease and antimicrobial resistance at the population level in depth and real-time, thus it is effective in epidemics management. For effective surveillance, inexpensive and rapid WBE identifies infected percentage and clinical testing identifies infected individuals. We overview the knowledge about the use of WBE to understand the epidemiology of the pathogen, detection and quantification methods in wastewater, and quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA). Evidence-based knowledge support the risk analysis in water sanitation safety and help in management of epidemic to protect public health. In this review early detection of the epidemic, current infectious disease surveillance, methods for the presence and prevalence of infectious diseases and suggestions for improvement is overviewed.