Media Parenting Scale for School-Aged Children (MEPA-20): Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version


Aksoy B., Apaydın Cırık V., Bektaş M.

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC NURSING-NURSING CARE OF CHILDREN & FAMILIES, pp.91-101, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pedn.2023.08.023
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC NURSING-NURSING CARE OF CHILDREN & FAMILIES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ASSIA, CINAHL, MEDLINE, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.91-101
  • Keywords: Media parenting, Psychometric properties, Reliability, School-aged children, Validity
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background and purpose: Media parenting refers to the strategies and behaviors parents use to interact with their children regarding the amount, content, and context of screen use. Children's media/screen use is a significant indicator of media parenting practices. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Media Parenting Scale for School-Aged Children (MEPA-20).Methods: This methodological study involved 524 parents with children aged 6-10 and was conducted between October 15, 2022, and February 15, 2023. In the data analysis, the Content Validity Index, Explanatory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses, Cronbach's alpha, Test-retest reliability, Hotelling T2 test, and item-total score correlation were used. The test-retest reliability analysis of the Turkish version of MEPA-20 was performed with 30 parents after 4 weeks.Results: MEPA-20 consists of 20 items and three sub-dimensions (active, restrictive, and over-protective mediation). The MEPA-20 Turkish version and its three factors were found to indicate acceptable levels of internal consistency and reliability. The three-factor construct validity of the MEPA-20 Turkish version determined with Explanatory Factor Analyses was successfully confirmed with Confirmatory Factor Analysis.Conclusion: The MEPA-20 is a valid and reliable tool for assessing the media parenting practices of parents of children aged 6-10 years in the Turkish population.Practice implications: Based on the impact of media parenting practices on child and family health, nurses should raise awareness and support parents regarding children's healthy screen use.