20th National Anatomy Congress, İstanbul, Turkey, 27 - 31 August 2019, pp.121
Objective: Knowing the volumetric and morphometry properties of lumbar vertebrae and discus intervertebralis is important
to achieve a successful approach to degenerative disc diseases. In
this study, we aimed to compare the heights of intervertebral
discs and concavity index values in patients with disc herniation
and Mr images of healthy cases and also the corpus of lumbar
vertebrae and the volumes of intervertebral discs in patients with
disc herniation according to age and gender.
Methods: Changes in the concavity index of discus intervertebralis were recorded in order to evaluate the differentiation in
lumbaric lordosis. The control group consisted of 50 (25
women and 25 men) lumbar disc hernias with age range 18–75
(20 women and 20 men). In both groups, the volume of the disc
was evaluated by using the Cavalier method. The concavity
index was evaluated as the ratio of central disc height (c) to
anterior disc height (a). Increased concavity index (C/a) ratio
was evaluated as reduction/flatness in lumbar lordosis.
Results: It was found that age-related degeneration and loss of
volume due to dehydration occurred in the disc compared to
healthy disc herniation cases.
Conclusion: The morphometric evaluation of discus intervertebralis and the concavity index of lumbar lordosis were calculated and revealed in cases with disc hernias due to age and gender, both radiologically and clinically, we anticipate that the
diagnosis and treatment will provide a clue.
Keywords: disc hernias, lumbar lordosis, morphometry