Exosomes released from cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells modulate the reprogramming of cells in tumor microenvironments toward the cancerous cells


Yilmaz G., Tavsan Z., Cagatay E., Kursunluoglu G., AYAR KAYALI H.

Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy, vol.157, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 157
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.biopha.2022.113973
  • Journal Name: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: Exosome, Exosome uptake mechanism, Intracellular trafficking, Invasion, Ovarian cancer, Protein kinase signaling
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 The AuthorsExosomes released from cancer cells are involved in the reorganization of the tumor microenvironment which is the essential aspect of cancer pathogenesis. The intercommunications between cancer cells and diverse cell types in the microenvironment are accomplished by exosomes in ovarian cancer. Internalization pathway, intracellular fate, and biological functions in recipient cells mediated by exosomes released from cisplatin-resistant A2780cis have been studied. Also, histopathological evaluation of tumor, ovary, liver tissues and lymph nodes in vivo studies have been performed. The recipient cells internalized the exosomes via active uptake mechanisms, as shown by confocal microscopy. However, inhibitor studies and flow cytometry analysis showed that each recipient cell line used different uptake pathways. Also, confocal microscopy imaging indicated that the internalized exosomes trapped in the endosomes or phagosomes were distributed to the different cellular compartments including ER, Golgi, and lysosome. The transfer of exosomal oncogenic cargo into the cells modified the intracellular signaling of recipient cells including invasion and metastasis by Boyden-Chamber assay, proliferation by ATP analysis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers at protein and mRNA levels by western blotting and real-time PCR, and protein kinases in the phospho-kinase array. This remodeling contributed to the initiation of carcinogenesis in ovarian epithelial and peritoneal mesothelial cells, and the progression of carcinogenesis in ovarian cancer cells. In addition, intraperitoneal tumor model studies show that exosomes released from cisplatin-resistant A2780cis cells may play role in the enlargement of lymph nodes, and tumor formations integrated with the liver, attached to the stomach and in the ovarian tissues.