The effect of melatonin on endotoxemia-induced intestinal apoptosis and oxidative stress in infant rats


Ozdemir D., UYSAL HARZADIN N., Tugyan K., Gonenc S., Acikgoz O., Aksu İ., ...More

INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE, vol.33, no.3, pp.511-516, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00134-006-0492-z
  • Journal Name: INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.511-516
  • Keywords: endotoxemia, infant rats, lipid peroxidation, antioxidant enzymes, melatonin, intestinal apoptosis, NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE, FREE-RADICALS, LIPID-PEROXIDATION, TRANSCRIPTIONAL ACTIVATION, ANTIOXIDANT STATUS, SEPSIS, SHOCK, CYCLOOXYGENASE, INFLAMMATION, INHIBITION
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effect of melatonin on the intestinal apoptosis along with oxidative damage in endotoxemic infant rats. Design and setting: Prospective animal study in a university- based experimental research laboratory. Subjects and interventions: Wistar albino 7-day-old rat pups (n = 21). The animals were randomized into three experimental groups: ( 1) controls; ( 2) endotoxemia; ( 3) endotoxemia treated with melatonin ( 10 mg/kg). Endotoxemia was induced in rats by intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide ( Escherichia coli serotype 0111: B4; 3 mg/kg). Measurements and results: Four hours after LPS injection, the antioxidant enzyme activities, including superoxide dismutase ( SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) levels as an indicator of lipid peroxidation, were determined. Intestinal apoptosis was assessed by hematoxylin-eosin staining and terminal deoxynucleotide transferase-mediated fluorescein-dUTP nick end labeling. The administration of melatonin into endotoxemic rats prevented the increase in the TBARS levels, and increased the activities of antioxidant enzymes and attenuated apoptotic cell death in both intestinal epithelium and lamina propria. Conclusions: Melatonin diminished the intestinal oxidative stress and apoptotic damage induced by endotoxemia in infant rats.