The Relief Effects of Thermoplastic Structured-Shrunken Yarns on Woven Fabrics

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Kurtuldu Dönmez E., Önlü N.

TEKSTIL VE KONFEKSIYON, vol.32, no.2, pp.87-98, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.32710/tekstilvekonfeksiyon.840465
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.87-98
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


This study aims to investigate the relief effects on woven fabrics by using heat-sensitive thermoplastic-shrink yarns and different yarn types together. The purpose of examining the relief effects is to create innovative surfaces and increase aesthetic value in the design of woven fabrics with yarns that gain permanent shape by shrinking with heat treatments. In line with the purpose, first of all, thermoplastic yarns and the studies carried out in this context, the fabrics produced were examined. The information gained was evaluated within the scope of woven fabric design, and relief effect woven fabrics were designed within the scope of a theme. Before the production process of the main fabric designs, preliminary research fabrics were woven for the selection of the appropriate yarn type, weaving structure, and knitting that will create the relief effects in the designs in the most accurate way. With the data obtained from the preliminary research, yarn, woven, and woven fabric structures were determined for fabrics and main designs and production calculations were made. After weaving production, all fabrics were heat-treated to create permanent relief effects after being removed from the loom. The relief effects seen in all fabrics after heat treatment were evaluated in terms of both structural and theme-related appearance by relating the type of yarn used in the production of fabrics, weaving, and woven structure. Evaluations were also made according to the numerical and visual data determined during the design and production process. The preliminary research results and the descriptions of the main fabrics are discussed under the relevant sections, and their contributions to the design and production process are stated in the conclusion section. In the production process of the fabrics, dobby weaving techniques were used in the preliminary research fabrics, and jacquard weaving techniques were used in the production of the main fabrics. Single-layer, self-connecting double-layer, and double-layer bag structures were used as woven fabric structures. The yarns used are thermoplastic yarns that are heat sensitive and cotton and polyester yarns that do not heat sensitive. In the design and application works considered as interior textiles; in addition to thermoplastic yarns, the effects of non-thermoplastic yarns in terms of relief were also observed in terms of aesthetic quality and structure. In addition to the use of thermoplastic yarns with non-thermoplastic yarns, the desired aesthetic relief effects have been achieved with the combination of weaving structures, weave, and yarn density selected depending on the designs revealed in line with the themes of the fabrics. It is thought that the study will contribute to the development of innovative perspectives in terms of function and aesthetics in creating relief effects in woven fabric design with the use of thermoplastic and non-thermoplastic materials, and weaving techniques.