Effects of basic fibroblast factor (bFGF) on MMP-2, TIMP-2, and type-I collagen levels in human lung carcinoma fibroblasts


Nakoman C., Resmi H., Ay O., Acikel U., Atabey N., Guner G.

BIOCHIMIE, vol.87, pp.343-351, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 87
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.biochi.2004.11.015
  • Journal Name: BIOCHIMIE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.343-351
  • Keywords: lung cancer, fibroblasts, MMP-2, TIMP-2, type-I collagen, TISSUE INHIBITOR, MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASES, GROWTH-FACTORS, PROLIFERATION, EXPRESSION, MIGRATION, CLEAVAGE, ELASTIN, SULFATE, CELLS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP's) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP's) possess a preponderant role in the metabolism of the major extracellular matrix protein, collagen, and are thought to be important in the mechanism of tumor invasion. Lung cancer occupies the first position in mortality and the second position in incidence, among all cancers. In the present investigation, we studied the effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on collagen, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), and tissue metalloproteinase inhibitor-2 (TIMP-2) levels in normal and carcinoma lung tissue fibroblast cultures. MMP-2 was selected because of its high specificity in the degradation of type IV collagen, major component of the basal membrane. The effect of bFGF on MMP-2, TIMP-2, total collagen, and type I collagen levels of normal and carcinoma lung fibroblast cultures was investigated at 0, 10, and 100 ng/ml. Statistical analysis was carried out using the Mann-Whitney-U test and possible correlations were searched using the Spearman correlation analysis method. MMP-2, TIMP-2, total collagen, and type-1 collagen levels based on cell counts (10(3) cells) showed no statistically significant differences between the carcinoma and normal fibroblast cultures. However, positive correlations were found between MMP-2 and TIMP-2 in normal (P = 0.016) and carcinoma (P = 0.001) tissue fibroblast cultures. Positive correlations were also found between total collagen and TIMP-2 levels in normal and carcinoma tissue fibroblast cultures (P = 0.002 and P = 0.032). Total collagen and TIMP-2 levels also showed positive and strong correlations in all cultures except in 100 ng/ml bFGF concentrations. In addition, type I collagen and MMP-2 levels showed positive significant correlations only in normal and carcinoma control cultures, while type I collagen and TIMP-2 levels showed positive correlations in all cultures except carcinoma fibroblasts at 100 ng/ml bFGF. It may be concluded that bFGF does not affect MMP-2, TIMP-2, total collagen, and type-1 collagen levels in fibroblast cultures grown from human carcinoma and normal lung tissues. However, bFGF was noted, in vitro, to disturb the equilibrium which normally exists between the four parameters, both in normal and carcinoma tissue fibroblasts. (c) 2005 Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.