Pediatric head trauma: an extensive review on imaging requisites and unique imaging findings


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Sarioglu F. C., Sahin H., Pekcevik Y., Sarioglu O., Oztekin O.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRAUMA AND EMERGENCY SURGERY, no.3, pp.351-368, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00068-017-0838-y
  • Journal Name: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRAUMA AND EMERGENCY SURGERY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.351-368
  • Keywords: Pediatrics, Craniocerebral trauma, CT, MRI, Brain injuries, DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY, BRAIN-INJURY, MAGNETIC-RESONANCE, SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, SKULL FRACTURE, EPIDURAL HEMORRHAGE, MULTIDETECTOR CT, YOUNG-CHILDREN, DIAGNOSIS, DAMAGE
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The effects of trauma in children are different due to association with some anatomical and physiological differences compared with adults. The role of neuroimaging gains importance in early detection of traumatic brain injuries and prevention of secondary post-traumatic complications. Many algorithms are described for children with head trauma to decide the necessity of a computed tomography scan. The aims of this article are to describe differences of these algorithms, the mechanism of traumatic brain injury with radiological imaging findings in the pediatric population, and explain complications of undiagnosed traumatic brain lesions.