Optical Properties of Cylindrical Quantum Dots with Hyperbolic-Type Axial Potential under Applied Electric Field


KASAPOĞLU E., YÜCEL M. B., ŞAKİROĞLU S., SARİ H., Duque C. A.

NANOMATERIALS, vol.12, no.19, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 19
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/nano12193367
  • Journal Name: NANOMATERIALS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: cylindrical quantum dot, optical absorption, hyperbolic potentials, HYDROGENIC DONOR IMPURITY, INTENSE LASER FIELD, HYDROSTATIC-PRESSURE, INDEX CHANGE, ENERGY, STATES, WELL, TEMPERATURE, ABSORPTION, PROSPECTS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this paper, we have researched the electronic and optical properties of cylindrical quantum dot structures by selecting four different hyperbolic-type potentials in the axial direction under an axially-applied electric field. We have considered a position-dependent effective mass model in which both the smooth variation of the effective mass in the axial direction adjusted to the way the confining potentials change and its abrupt change in the radial direction have been considered in solving the eigenvalue differential equation. The calculations of the eigenvalue equation have been implemented considering both the Dirichlet conditions (zero flux) and the open boundary conditions (non-zero flux) in the planes perpendicular to the direction of the applied electric field, which guarantees the validity of the results presented in this study for quasi-steady states with extremely high lifetimes. We have used the diagonalization method combined with the finite element method to find the eigenvalues and eigenfunction of the confined electron in the cylindrical quantum dots. The numerical strategies that have been used for the solution of the differential equations allowed us to overcome the multiple problems that the boundary conditions present in the region of intersection of the flat and cylindrical faces that form the boundary of the heterostructure. To calculate the linear and third-order nonlinear optical absorption coefficients and relative changes in the refractive index, a two-level approach in the density matrix expansion is used. Our results show that the electronic and, therefore, optical properties of the structures focused on can be adjusted to obtain a suitable response for specific studies or goals by changing structural parameters such as the widths and depths of the potentials in the axial direction, as well as the electric field intensity.