The gold standard in the treatment of renal tumors is radical or partial nephrectomy. The surgical specimen handling is important since the pathologic features result in clinico-pathologic knowledge that determines prognosis, additional treatment and scientific studies. The correct handling of the specimen by urologists and pathologists becomes very basic in order to enable retrieval of a maximum of information. This protocol aims at standardization of the minimal criteria for handling, cellular subtyping, grading, staging and margin evaluation that must allow the comparison among the different scientific groups. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.