Observations on universal base hypothesis: An evaluation on ov order Evrensel taban varsayımı üzerine gözlemler

Creative Commons License


Dilbilim Arastirmalari Dergisi, vol.30, no.2, pp.171-198, 2019 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.18492/dad.464486
  • Journal Name: Dilbilim Arastirmalari Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.171-198
  • Keywords: Linearization, OV order, Universal Base Hypothesis, VO order
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Universal base hypotheses maintain the idea that all languages have the same underlying word order. This is a strong minimalist argument that bans all parametric variations of word order. However, it is controversial in the sense that it bears too strong arguments as to the universality of word order paradigm. The polarization over this hypothesis has recently increased the conceptual and empirical observations on the phenomenon. Universal base arguments are grouped into two distinct poles. On the one pole, we see arguments of Kayne defending the VO order, who claims that OV is basically derived by leftward movements. On the other pole, Haider (1997, 2000, 2013), Barbiers (2000) and Fukui & Takano (1998, 2000) argue the universality of OV. With this assumption VO is basically derived by movement of the verb alone, which makes this word order more basic than VO. The aim of this study is to discuss the basic arguments of VO over Turkish data and reassess the arguments.