Breastfeeding and sustainable development

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Ozilice O., GÜNAY T.

IZMIR DR BEHCET UZ COCUK HASTANESI DERGISI, vol.8, no.1, pp.1-7, 2018 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.5222/buchd.2018.001
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-7
  • Keywords: Breastfeeding, maternal and infant health, sustainable development, METAANALYSIS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Breastfeeding has substantial short- and long-term positive influences on maternal and infant health. Many studies have indicated that it is highly protective against childhood infections and malocclusion, enhances intelligence and decreases obesity. Prolonged breastfeeding provides a natural protection for women against breast and ovarian cancer while postponing the next pregnancy by means of extending the birth intervals. Breastfeeding, beyond its benefits for maternal and infant health, it is a substantial component for sustainable development on a global scale. When breastfeeding is assessed based on country's income brackets, for all of indicators apart from the indicator of "commencing breast-feeding within the first hour", the higher the income bracket of the country is, the lower are the rates of breastfeeding. In Turkey 96% of the children under five years of age are subject to breastfeeding for a while. Notwithstanding with the "Exclusive Breastfeeding up to six months of age" recommendation of the World Health Organization, this rate of 4.7% among the babies of six months of age in Turkey is far below the expected level. World Sustainable Development Summit was held in January 2016 and Sustainable Development Goals spearheaded by the United Nations were determined in order to replace the Millennium Development Goals which was ended in 2015. Although breastfeeding is more or less essentially associated with the entire goals, in this compilation, emphasis has been laid on eight goals (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10, 12) that are mostly associated with breastfeeding.