The protective effects of carnosine and melatonin in ischemia-reperfusion injury in the rat liver.

Creative Commons License

Baykara B., Tekmen I., Pekçetin Ç., Ulukus C., Tuncel P., Sağol Ö., ...More

Acta histochemica, vol.111, no.1, pp.42-51, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 111 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.acthis.2008.03.002
  • Journal Name: Acta histochemica
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.42-51
  • Keywords: Liver, Ischemia, Reperfusion, Carnosine, Melatonin, Electron microscopy, Apoptosis, HEPATIC ISCHEMIA, ARTERY-OCCLUSION, REACTIVE OXYGEN, MECHANISMS, CELLS, PRETREATMENT, APOPTOSIS, MODEL, DEFENSE, SYSTEMS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


The reperfusion following liver ischemia results in hepatocyte damage and apoptosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of two antioxiclant agents, carnosine and melatonin, in rat Liver ischemia-reperfusion injury. Five study groups were formed; I. sham, II. ischemia-reperfusion, III. ischemia-reperfusion+ melatonin, IV. ischemia-reperfusion+carnosine, V. ischemia-reperfusion+melatonin+ carnosine. Then 250mg/kg carnosine and 10mg/kg melatonin were administered intraperitoneally 30min before ischemia and immediately after the reperfusion. Sinusoidal dilatation, congestion and neutrophil. infiltration were observed in the ischemia-reperfusion group while these symptoms were less pronounced in the treatment groups. Atanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and myeloperoxidase levels were increased in the ischemia-reperfusion group while they were towered in the treatment groups. Glutathione level was tow in the ischemia-reperfusion group while it tended to increase in the ischemia-reperfusion+carnosine administered and ischemia-reperfusion+carnosine+melatonin administered groups. There was an increase in the number of apoptotic cells in the ischemia-reperfusion group white this number was towered in the treatment groups. Carnosine was more effective than melatonin in the reversal of structural and biochemical alterations that resulted from ischemia-reperfusion injury. The administration of melatonin and carnosine together yielded better outcomes compared to the sole administration of each agent. (C) 2008 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.