Naturally occurring MHR variants in Turkish patients infected with hepatitis B virus


SAYINER A. A., Oezean A., Sengonul A.

JOURNAL OF MEDICAL VIROLOGY, vol.80, no.3, pp.405-410, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 80 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/jmv.21104
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF MEDICAL VIROLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.405-410
  • Keywords: HBsAg, HBV genotype, HBsAg subtype, MHR variant, Turkish patients, SURFACE-ANTIGEN VARIANTS, MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY, DETERMINANT VARIANTS, GENETIC DIVERSITY, IN-VITRO, S-GENE, SUBTYPES, GENOTYPES, SEQUENCE, CARRIERS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Major B-cell epitopes are located at the major hydrophilic region (MHR) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg). The genotypes, subtypes, and naturally occurring amino acid (aa) substitutions of MHR were analyzed in 81 Turkish adult patients (41 inactive HBsAg carriers and 40 patients with chronic hepatitis B) by direct sequencing of the S gene fragment. All the isolates were genotype D according to the phylogenetic analysis. The most common HBsAg subtype was ayw2, followed by ayw3 while one isolate specified ayw4 by encoding Leu127. MHR variants were detected in 22 of the 81 (27.2%) isolates. The prevalence was significantly higher in the chronic hepatitis B group (42.5%) compared to inactive HBsAg carriers (12.2%). Twenty-two samples had a total of 26 amino acid substitutions involving 14 positions. The majority of the patients had a single variation. Most of the amino acid substitutions were located at the HBs1 region of the MHR,while 9 of the 26 were in the classic "a" determinant (aa 124-147). When samples with "a" variants were evaluated by two different commercial HBsAg tests, only the isolate with Ser143Leu variation had a decreased reactivity in the assay using monoclonal antibodies for capture and detection. In conclusion, the findings of the study was in accordance with previous studies showing HBV genotype and subtype homogeneity (genotype D/ayw) in Turkey. Naturally occurring MHR and "a" determinant variants were common, especially among chronic hepatitis B patients. The influence of detected "a" variants on diagnostic assays was limited.