Environmental and economic analyses of fuel cell and battery-based hybrid systems utilized as auxiliary power units on a chemical tanker vessel

Korkmaz S. A., Erginer K. E., Yuksel O., Konur O., Çolpan C. Ö.

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.48, no.60, pp.23279-23295, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 60
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2023.01.320
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Artic & Antarctic Regions, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Environment Index, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.23279-23295
  • Keywords: Auxiliary power unit, Chemical tanker vessel, Environmental and economic analyses, Hybrid power plant, Molten carbonate fuel cell, Phosphoric acid fuel cell
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


This study aims to investigate the environmental and economic impacts of implementing fuel cell and battery-based hybrid configurations. Phosphoric acid and molten carbonate fuel cell systems in the place of diesel generators of a large tanker to supply the vessel's total electricity demand. Environmental and economic analyses of the utilization of the specified fuel cell systems with LiNiCoALO2 and LiNiMnCoO2 chemical types of battery cells on a large marine vessel are provided in this paper. In addition, the assessment of the most suitable battery cell and charge-discharge hours for fuel cell systems is carried out with a grid-search algorithm. Six different fuel cell and battery configurations are investigated to obtain the optimum system layout. The results show that the CO2 emissions could be reduced by up to 49.75% and the lowest electricity production cost is found as 0.181 $/kWh for the current fuel prices with the utilization of molten carbonate fuel cells and LiNiMnCoO2 battery cells.