Local entropy generation and exergy analysis of the condenser in a direct methanol fuel cell system


INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.47, no.45, pp.19850-19864, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 45
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2022.04.186
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Artic & Antarctic Regions, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Environment Index, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.19850-19864
  • Keywords: DMFC, Condenser, Two-phase, Entropy, Exergy, CFD, STEAM, FLOW, TUBE
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


This paper aims to identify the irreversibilities in the condenser of a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) system and present possible enhancements in its design through local entropy generation analysis (L-EGA). For this purpose, the local entropy generation terms originating from heat and mass calculated from results of a pseudo two-phase computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model of the condenser. Through this analysis, the total irreversibilities due to heat and mass transfer are calculated locally (e.g., film boundary layer, vapourgas boundary layer) under the variable operating conditions of a DMFC (undersaturated, saturated, and supersaturated conditions of the cathode exhaust gas). Moreover, the exergy destruction ratio of condenser is found to estimate the exergy performance of the condenser. The results show that in the case of supersaturated cathode exhaust gas (CEG) flow, the entropy generation rate due to mass transfer in the film region is found as 0.032 W/(m center dot K) which is 18 times higher than that for the undersaturated CEG flow. However, entropy generation rate due to mass transfer decreases significantly when the hot flow is just over the film region. In the film region, the entropy generation rates originating from heat transfer are found as 0.0055 W/(m center dot K) (for the undersaturated case), 0.0032 W/ (m center dot K) (for the saturated case), and 0.0015 W/(m center dot K) (for the supersaturated case). Moreover, the maximum exergy destruction ratio is found as 0.72 when the CEG is undersaturated and the CEG velocity is 0.18 m/s, while the lowest exergy destruction ratio is calculated as 0.28 when the CEG is saturated.(c) 2022 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.