Projecting aridity from statistically downscaled and bias-corrected variables for the Gediz Basin, Turkey


Kirdemir U., Okkan U., Fistikoglu O.

JOURNAL OF WATER AND CLIMATE CHANGE, vol.13, no.8, pp.3061-3082, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.2166/wcc.2022.109
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF WATER AND CLIMATE CHANGE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Geobase, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.3061-3082
  • Keywords: aridity index, Bayesian Model Averaging, equidistant quantile mapping, statistical downscaling, CLIMATE-CHANGE, PRECIPITATION, TEMPERATURE, MODELS, QUANTIFICATION, VARIABILITY, IMPACTS, INDIA
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Due to climatological changes, a study was conducted in the Gediz Basin, Turkey, where agricultural production holds an important place. In the study prepared, 12 general circulation models (GCMs) were utilized under representative concentration pathway (RCP)4.5, RCP6.0, and RCP8.5 scenarios of the fifth assessment report (AR5) of IPCC for the period 2015-2050. The statistical downscaling methods were employed and the projections were derived right after applying the weighted-averaged ensemble mean by the Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA) method and bias correction by equidistant quantile mapping (EDQM). The temperature-based potential evapotranspiration (PET) formulas were modified in accordance with the Penman-Monteith method and the aridity indexes were calculated by UNEP's formula. According to the projections, the mean annual temperature increases between 1.5 and 2.2 degrees C and the mean total annual PET increases between 5 and 8% are foreseen in the Gediz Basin for the near future. It is foreseen that a semi-arid climate regime may predominate over the region for all of the RCP scenarios under the increasing dryness in basin climate. In addition, it was obtained in the study that sub-humid climate state occurrence for all of the regions included by the basin may be unexpected in the future for the RCP8.5 scenario. The presence of semi-arid climate conditions may be more potent with the increasing trend of radiative forcing over time.