Effect of alkalinity on the performance of a simulated landfill bioreactor digesting organic solid wastes


Agdag O., SPONZA D. T.

CHEMOSPHERE, vol.59, no.6, pp.871-879, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 59 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.11.017
  • Journal Name: CHEMOSPHERE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.871-879
  • Keywords: organic solid waste, bioreactor, anaerobic treatment, leachate recirculation, alkalinity addition, ANAEROBIC-DIGESTION, UASB REACTOR, LOADING RATE, AZO DYES, LEACHATE, PH, BICARBONATE, MSW
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of alkalinity on the anaerobic treatment of the organic solid wastes collected from the kitchen of Engineering Faculty in Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey and the leachate characteristics treated in three simulated landfill anaerobic bioreactors. All of the reactors were operated with leachate recirculation. One reactor was operated without alkalinity addition. The second reactor was operated by the addition of 3 gl(-1) d(-1) of NaHCO3 alkalinity to the leachate and the third reactor was operated by the addition of 6 gl(-1) d(-1) NaHCO3 alkalinity to the leachate. After 65 d of anaerobic incubation, it was observed that the chemical oxygen demand (COD), volatile fatty acids (VFA) concentrations, and biochemical oxygen demand to chemical oxygen demand (BOD5/COD) ratios in the leachate samples produced from the alkalinity added reactors were lower than the control reactor while the,pH values were higher than the control reactor. The COD values were measured as 18 900, 3800 and 2900 mg l(-1) while the VFA concentrations were 6900, 1400 and 1290 mg l(-1), respectively, in the leachate samples of the control, and reactors containing 3 g l(-1) NaHCO3 and 6 g l(-1) NaHCO3 after 65 d of anaerobic incubation. The total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP) and ammonium nitrogen (NH4-N) concentrations in organic solid waste (OSW) significantly reduced in the reactor containing 6 g l(-1) NaHCO3 by d 65. The values of pH were 6.54, 7.19 and 7.3 1, after 65 d of anaero\bic incubation, respectively, in the aforementioned reactors results in neutral environmental conditions in alkalinity added reactors. Methane percentage of the control, reactors containing 3 gl(-1) NaHCO3 and 6 gl(-1) NaHCO3 were 37%, 64% and 65%, respectively, after 65 d of incubation. BOD5/COD ratios of 0.27 and 0.25 were achieved in the 3 and 6 g l(-1) NaHCO3 containing reactors, indicating a better OSW stabilization. Alkalinity addition reduced the waste quantity, the organic content of the solid waste and the biodegradation time. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.