The Use of Maxillary Sinus Dimensions in Gender Determination: A Thin-Slice Multidetector Computed Tomography Assisted Morphometric Study

Ekizoglu O., Inci E., Hocaoglu E., Sayin I., Kayhan F. T., CAN İ. Ö.

JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, vol.25, no.3, pp.957-960, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/scs.0000000000000734
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.957-960
  • Keywords: Gender identification, maxillary sinus, computed tomography, forensic medicine, PARANASAL SINUSES, IDENTIFICATION
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Gender determination is an important step in identification. For gender determination, anthropometric evaluation is one of the main forensic evaluations. In the present study, morphometric analysis of maxillary sinuses was performed to determine gender. For morphometric analysis, coronal and axial paranasal sinus computed tomography (CT) scan with 1-mm slice thickness was used. For this study, 140 subjects (70 women and 70 men) were enrolled (age ranged between 18 and 63). The size of each subject's maxillary sinuses was measured in anteroposterior, transverse, cephalocaudal, and volume directions. In each measurement, the size of the maxillary sinus is significantly small in female gender (P < 0.001). When discrimination analysis was performed, the accuracy rate was detected as 80% for women and 74.3% for men with an overall rate of 77.15%. With the use of 1-mm slice thickness CT, morphometric analysis of maxillary sinuses will be helpful for gender determination.