Effect of fine to coarse aggregate ratio on the rheology and fracture energy of steel fibre reinforced self-compacting concretes

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Yardimci M. Y., Baradan B., Tasdemir M. A.

SADHANA-ACADEMY PROCEEDINGS IN ENGINEERING SCIENCES, vol.39, no.6, pp.1447-1469, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12046-014-0257-2
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1447-1469
  • Keywords: Steel fibre, steel fibre reinforced self-compacting concrete, fracture energy, fibre orientation, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, FLEXURAL BEHAVIOR, MIX-DESIGN, PERFORMANCE, WORKABILITY, PARAMETER, MORTAR
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the influence of aggregate grading and steel fibre properties on the flow properties and fracture energy of steel fibre reinforced self-compacting concrete (SFRSCC) has been investigated. Two types of hooked-end steel fibres at three different dosages (20,40 and 60 kg/m(3)) were incorporated into self-compacting mixtures having similar paste contents but different fine to coarse aggregate (FA/CA) ratios (0.94, 1.72 and 2.50 by weight). Besides the flowability and passing ability of fresh concrete, the mechanical properties of hardened concrete including the fracture energy have also been investigated. The relations between flexural parameters and fibre orientation were established by image analysis technique. Test results showed that hooked-end steel fibre inclusion into the plain self-compacting concrete negatively affects the flowability and passing ability of the mixture. Increasing FA/CA ratio enhances these rheological parameters and provides better fibre orientation. On the other hand, increasing FA/CA ratio decreases the fracture energy of plain SCC mixtures and the fibre incorporated series which were less affected from fibre inclusion follow the same trend with the plain SCC. The proper FA/CA ratio for the best rheological and mechanical performance depends on the fibre content, aspect ratio and their influence on the flowability of the mixture. In order to obtain better fibre orientation and hence higher fracture energy, relatively higher FA/CA ratios should be used when the fibre content and aspect ratio are relatively high.