Acute hepatitis associated with Thymus Vulgaris oil ingestion: Case report

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Yürüktümen A., Hocaoglu N., ERSEL M., Özsaraç M., Kiyan S.

Turkiye Acil Tip Dergisi, vol.11, no.2, pp.68-71, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.5505/1304.7361.2011.79664
  • Journal Name: Turkiye Acil Tip Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.68-71
  • Keywords: Hepatitis, Poisoning, Thyme
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Many plants traditionally used in folkloric medicine can cause poisoning. Typically known as "thyme", "Thymus Vulgaris" continues to be one of the most commonly used folkloric herbs in Turkey. Here, we report a case of toxic hepatitis due to the ingestion of concentrated thyme oil. The patient was reported to have ingested a total of 25 ml of thyme oil which was routinely sold in the local market. The total dose was taken in two consecutive days in different amount. The patient then developed nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, and he was subsequently admitted to the emergency unit, with high transaminase levels. He was placed on observation unit for two days. His elevated aminotransferase levels and symptoms gradually decreased during the observation period. Thyme, which is known to be a nonpoisonous plant, is one of the most commonly used herbs; however, plants similar to thyme are not necessarily as harmless as they seem to be.