Synthesis and Evaluation of New Dental Monomers with Both Phosphonic and Carboxylic Acid Functional Groups

Sahin G., Albayrak A., Bilgici Z. S., AVCI SEMİZ D.

JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE PART A-POLYMER CHEMISTRY, vol.47, no.7, pp.1953-1965, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pola.23296
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1953-1965
  • Keywords: crosslinking, dental polymers, hydroxyapatite, phosphonic acids, photopolymerization, HYDROXYAPATITE, POLYMERIZATION, ADHESION, POLYMERS, RESIN, PRIMER
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Novel dental monomers containing both phosphonic and carboxylic acid functional groups were prepared. The monomers were based on t-butyl alpha-bromo-methacrylate (t-BuBMA) and synthesized in three steps: The reaction of o-hydroxyaryl phosphonates [diethyl (2-hydroxyphenyl) phosphonate, tetraethyl (2,5-dihydroxy-1,4-phenylene) diphosphonate and tetraethyl 5,5'-(propane-2,2-diyl)bis(2-hydroxy-5,1-phenylene) diphosphonate] with t-BuBMA, the hydrolysis of phosphonate groups to phosphonic acid using trimethyl silylbromide, and the hydrolysis of the t-butyl groups to carboxylic acid with trifluoroacetic acid. The monomers were solids and soluble in water and ethanol. The structures of the monomers were determined by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), H-1, C-13, and P-31 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The copolymerization behaviors of the synthesized monomers with glycerol dimethacrylate were first investigated in bulk using photodifferential scanning calorimetry at 40 degrees C with 2,2'-dimethoxy-2-phenyl acetophenone as photoinitiator. Then, the solution copolymerization of the monomers with acrylamide in ethanol and water was studied, indicating that the synthesized monomers are incorporated into the copolymers. The acidic nature of the aqueous solutions of these monomers (pH values 1.72-1.87) is expected to give them etching properties important for dental applications. The interaction of the monomers with hydroxyapatite was investigated using C-13 NMR and FTIR techniques. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 47: 1953-1965, 2009