Iron Budget and Its Correlations with Macronutrients in the Inshore Waters of the Aegean Sea

Bizsel K. C., Ardelan M. V., Bizsel N.

ESTUARIES AND COASTS, vol.32, no.5, pp.829-843, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12237-009-9199-z
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.829-843
  • Keywords: Iron, Nutrients, Budget, Coastal waters, The northeastern Mediterranean Sea, The Aegean Sea, Izmir Bay, SAN-FRANCISCO BAY, TRACE-METALS, COASTAL, PHYTOPLANKTON, LIMITATION, MANGANESE, REGENERATION, PHOSPHORUS, DEPOSITION, SPECIATION
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Macronutrients and micronutrients were measured during the phytoplankton bloom period and then seasonally monitored after the bloom in the polluted Izmir Bay. Iron and the macronutrients (phosphate, ammonium, nitrate, nitrite, and silicate) were abundant in the waters of the inner and middle sections of Izmir Bay. The iron concentration decreased exponentially from the eutrophic inner bay to the oligotrophic outer bay. Suboxic-anoxic processes and the resuspension dynamics in the sediment were the most important factor in the control of iron, ammonium, and phosphate enrichment in the bay beside the anthropogenic activities. The biological removal of Fe in the inner and middle bay and nonbiological removal in the outer bay were effective in controlling iron concentration in Izmir Bay. The nitrate, nitrite, and ammonium nitrogen (N) and Si decreased to critical levels in the middle and outer bay at the end of the summer as long as the concentration of phosphate was high. The N/P ratios in the bay suggested that N might be the controlling nutrient for phytoplankton growth particularly in the middle and outer bay throughout summer. Furthermore, Si was also able to have controlling impact probably on diatom growth during autumn and winter in the inner and middle bay and in the early spring in the outer bay. The N/Si/Chelex labile Fe ratios implied that the iron could be a critical controlling nutrient for phytoplankton growth during early April in the outer bay unless the other macronutrients were low.