Low-velocity impact response of sandwich composites with different foam core configurations

Al-Shamary A. K. J., KARAKUZU R., ÖZDEMİR O.

JOURNAL OF SANDWICH STRUCTURES & MATERIALS, vol.18, no.6, pp.754-768, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1099636216653267
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.754-768
  • Keywords: Core design effect, PVC foam, low-velocity impact, sandwich composite, glass, epoxy, FACE SHEETS, PANELS, BEHAVIOR, PLATES, DAMAGE
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the low-velocity impact response of sandwich composites consisting of different foam core configurations is investigated experimentally. Polyvinyl chloride foam core and glass fibers were used as core material and face sheets, respectively. A number of tests under various impact energy levels for three different sandwich composite configurations were conducted with Ceast 9350 Fractovis Plus impact testing machine in order to improve the energy absorption capacity of sandwich composites panels. Absorbed energies, maximum loads and the maximum deflection of sandwich panels were obtained for each impact energy level. As the impact energy was increased, fiber fractures at face sheets, delaminations between glass-epoxy layers, core fractures, and indentations failures were observed by visual inspection. According to the obtained results, the sandwich composite with proposed new foam core design with two internal face sheets exhibits high energy absorption capacity compared to sandwich panels formed by sandwiching a polyvinyl chloride foam core between glass fabric face sheets. Maximum contact force values decrease by increase of number of core material.