Determination of Information and Support Needs of First Degree Relatives of Women with Breast Cancer


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Andic S., Karayurt O.

ASIAN PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CANCER PREVENTION, vol.13, no.9, pp.4491-4499, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.7314/apjcp.2012.13.9.4491
  • Journal Name: ASIAN PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CANCER PREVENTION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.4491-4499
  • Keywords: Women at high risk of breast cancer, information and support needs, nursing intervention, FAMILY-HISTORY, DAUGHTERS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer is the most frequent type of cancer among women in the world and the most common cause of deaths from cancer in females. In Turkey, breast cancer comes first in the list of the most frequent ten cancer types seen in women. As the incidence rate of breast cancer is high, many women having breast cancer in the family experience the breast cancer at secondhand. This study was carried out in an attempt to determine the information and support needs of women whose first-degree relatives have breast cancer and to what extent these needs are met. Methods: The research sample consisted of 156 women. Questionnaire Form and Information and Support Needs Questionnaires were used as the data collection tools. Results: Information need score averages (x(-):3.72 +/- 0.19) of women included in the research sampling were found to be higher than their score averages of support needs (x(-):3.24 +/- 0.41). Conclusion: Information needs which were indicated by women as very important were related to treatment, symptoms of breast cancer and breast self examination (BSE), while support needs which were indicated by women as very important were learning how to perform BSE, women's anxiety for themselves and their relatives regarding breast cancer and having their breasts examined by a health professional. It is recommended that nurses and other medical staff should give information to women whose first-degree relatives have breast cancer about the disease, its etiology, scanning, diagnosis, treatment options and protection as well as prevention.