Levels of Soluble Urokinase Plasminogen Activator Receptor in Pediatric Lower Respiratory Tract Infections


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Citlenbik H., Ulusoy E., Er A., Caglar A., Akgul F., Küme T., ...More

PEDIATRIC ALLERGY IMMUNOLOGY AND PULMONOLOGY, vol.32, no.3, pp.121-127, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/ped.2018.0982
  • Journal Name: PEDIATRIC ALLERGY IMMUNOLOGY AND PULMONOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.121-127
  • Keywords: children, pneumonia, bronchiolitis, suPAR, COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA, SERUM LEVEL, SUPAR, PLASMA, PROCALCITONIN, MANAGEMENT, MORTALITY, SEVERITY, INFANTS, TRENDS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Lower respiratory tract infections (LTRIs) are the most common cause of pediatric emergency department visits and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) levels in pediatric patients with LRTIs and to investigate the correlation of suPAR with disease severity. Methods: This is a prospective case-control study of children with LTRIs. Demographic data, diagnoses, vital signs, disease severity scores, length of hospital stay, laboratory findings, and viral polymerase chain reaction results for nasopharyngeal aspirates were recorded. Blood samples for suPAR were collected and assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: There were 94 patients with LTRIs and 32 children in the control group. Patients were further subdivided into 2 groups based on diagnosis of acute bronchiolitis (n: 31, 33%) or pneumonia (n: 63, 67%). The median levels of suPAR were significantly higher in patients with LTRIs than in healthy controls (4.3 and 3.5 ng/mL, respectively; P = 0.003). There was an association between suPAR levels and disease severity in pneumonia patients. suPAR values were higher in patients with severe pneumonia than mild pneumonia (5.5 and 3.6 ng/mL, respectively; P < 0.001). Conclusion: We have shown that suPAR levels increased in patients with LTRIs and suPAR values were higher in patients with severe pneumonia than mild pneumonia. Further studies with large case series are needed to clarify the role of suPAR levels in children with LTRIs.