COD, 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (TCP) and toxicity removal from synthetic wastewater in a rotating perforated-tubes biofilm reactor


EKER S., Kargi F.

JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, vol.159, pp.306-312, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 159
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.02.019
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.306-312
  • Keywords: COD removal, Rotating perforated-tubes biofilm reactor (RTBR), Toxicity removal, 2,4,6 Trichlorophenol (TCP), COMETABOLIC DEGRADATION, BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT, BIODEGRADATION, CHLOROPHENOLS, 2,4-DICHLOROPHENOL, PERFORMANCE, SUBSTRATE, CULTURE, PHENOL
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Synthetic wastewater containing different concentrations of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (TCP) was biologically treated using a novel rotating perforated-tubes biofilm reactor (RTBR) for chemical oxygen demand (COD), TCP and toxicity removal. Performance of the reactor was investigated as function of major operating variables such as the feed TCP and COD concentrations and A/Q (biofilm surface area/feed flow rate) ratio. A Box-Behnken statistical experiment design method was used by considering the feed TCP (0-400 mg L-1), COD (1000-4000 mg L-1) and A/Q ratio (23-163 m(2) d m(-3)) as the independent variables while percent TCP, COD, and toxicity removals were the objective functions. The results were correlated with the quadratic model since this was found to be the most suitable one. Response function coefficients were determined by correlating the experimental data with the response function. Percent TCP, COD and toxicity removals estimated from the response functions were in good agreement with the experimental results. TCP, COD and toxicity removals increased with increasing A/Q ratio and decreasing feed TCP concentrations. Percent toxicity removals were always lower than TCP removals indicating presence or formation of some toxic by products from TCP biodegradation. For the feed TCP of 400 mg L-1, the optimum conditions resulting in maximum COD (99%), TCP (100%) and toxicity (93%) removals were A/Q ratio of nearly 165 m(2) d m(-3) and feed COD of 2985 mg L-1. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.