Empowerment and Social Support as Predictors of Self-Care Behaviors and Glycemic Control in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes


Surucu H. A., BÜYÜKKAYA BESEN D., Erbil E. Y.

CLINICAL NURSING RESEARCH, vol.27, no.4, pp.395-413, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1054773816688940
  • Journal Name: CLINICAL NURSING RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.395-413
  • Keywords: ablution, empowerment, glycemic control, self-care behaviors, social support, type 2 diabetes, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, MULTIDIMENSIONAL SCALE, MANAGEMENT, INTERVENTIONS, AMERICANS, EFFICACY, IMPACT
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study investigated empowerment, social support, and diabetes-related characteristics as predictors of self-care behaviors and glycemic control in individuals with type 2 diabetes in Turkey. Descriptive cross-sectional and relational research designs were used in this study. The study was carried out with a cohort of 220 individuals with type 2 diabetes. Linear regression analysis revealed that patient empowerment was a statistically significant predictor of diet ( = .30; p < .001), exercise ( = .19; p = .003), blood glucose monitoring ( = .27; p < .001), foot care ( = .27; p < .001), and A1c ( = -.19; p = .004). Social support was a statistically significant predictor of diet ( = .24; p < .001), exercise ( = .26; p < .001), blood glucose monitoring ( = .16; p = .011), and foot care ( = .19; p = .003). These results indicate that social support and empowerment are important for nurses to consider when planning interventions that increase the self-care behavior of individuals with type 2 diabetes and for improving glycemic control.