Neuroscience is awaiting for a breakthrough: An essay bridging the concepts of Descartes, Einstein, Heisenberg, Hebb and Hayek with the explanatory formulation in this special issue

Basar E., Karakas S.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, vol.60, no.2, pp.194-201, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2005.12.010
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.194-201
  • Keywords: nebulous Cartesian system, quantum mechanics, brain/body-mind, super-synchrony, multidisciplinary approach, breakthrough, meta-cognition, unconscious, NEUROCOGNITIVE NETWORKS, OSCILLATIONS, DYNAMICS, ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM, NEURONS, THETA, TIME
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No


The paper presents gedankenmodels which, based on the theories and models in the present special issue, describe the conditions for a breakthrough in brain sciences and neuroscience. The new model is based on contemporary findings which show that the brain and its cognitive processes show super-synchronization. Accordingly, understanding the brain/body-mind complex is possible only when these three are considered as a wholistic entity and not as discrete structures or functions. Such a breakthrough and the related perspectives to the brain/body-mind complex will involve a transition from the mechanistic Cartesian system to a nebulous Cartesian system, one that is basically characterized by parallel computing and is further parallel to quantum mechanics. This integrated outlook on the brain/body-mind, or dynamic functionality, will make the treatment of also the meta-cognitive processes and the greater part of the iceberg, the unconscious, possible. All this will be possible only through the adoption of a multidisciplinary approach that will bring together the knowledge and the technology of the four P's which consist of physics, physiology, psychology and philosophy. The genetic approach to the functional dynamics of the brain/body-mind, where the oscillatory responses were found to be laws of brain activity, is presented in this volume as one of the most recent perspectives of neuroscience. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.