Dehydration of sodium carbonate monohydrate with indirect microwave heating


THERMOCHIMICA ACTA, vol.448, no.1, pp.31-36, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 448 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.tca.2006.06.020
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.31-36
  • Keywords: mineral processing, sodium carbonate monohydrate, drying, SiC, microwaves, CERAMICS, BED
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, dehydration of sodium carbonate monohydrate (Na2CO3 center dot H2O) (SCM) in microwave (MW) field with silicon carbide (SiC) as an indirect heating medium was investigated. SCM samples containing up to 3% free moisture were placed in the microwave oven. The heating experiments showed that SCM is a poor microwave energy absorber for up to 6 min of irradiation at an 800 W of microwave power. The heat for SCM calcination is provided by SiC which absorbs microwave. The monohydrate is then converted to anhydrous sodium carbonate on the SiC plate by calcining, i.e. by removing the crystal water through heating of the monohydrate temperatures of over 120 degrees C. The calcination results in a solid phase recrystallization of the monohydrate into anhydrate. In the microwave irradiation process, dehydration of SCM in terms of indirect heating can be accelerated by increasing the microwave field power. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.