Kinematic analysis and palaeoseismology of the Edremit Fault Zone: evidence for past earthquakes in the southern branch of the North Anatolian Fault Zone, Biga Peninsula, NW Turkey

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GEODINAMICA ACTA, vol.28, no.4, pp.273-294, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/09853111.2016.1175294
  • Journal Name: GEODINAMICA ACTA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.273-294
  • Keywords: Edremit Fault Zone, rolling-hinge mechanism, kinematic analysis, palaeoseismology, surface rupture, MARMARA SEA REGION, ACTIVE TECTONICS, PALEOSTRESS RECONSTRUCTIONS, WESTERN TURKEY, SLIP DATA, EVOLUTION, GEOMETRY, COMPLEX, NEOTECTONICS, SEISMICITY
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


The Edremit Fault Zone (EFZ) forms one of the southern segments of the North Anatolian Fault Zone (NAFZ) at the northern margin of the Edremit Gulf (Biga Peninsula, South Marmara Region, Turkey). Stratigraphic, structural and kinematic results indicate that basinward younging of the fault zone, in terms of a rolling-hinge mechanism, has resulted in at least three discrete Miocene to Holocene deformational phases: the oldest one (Phase 1) directly related to the inactive Kazda Detachment Fault, which was formed under N-S trending pure extension; Phase 2 is characterised by a strike-slip stress condition, probably related to the progression of the NAFZ towards the Edremit area in the Plio-Quaternary; and Phase 3 is represented by the high-angle normal faulting, which is directly interrelated with the last movement of the EFZ. Our palaeoseismic studies on the EFZ revealed the occurrence of three past surface rupture events; the first one occurred before 13178 BC, a penultimate event that may correspond to either the 160 AD or 253 AD historical earthquakes, and the youngest one can be associated with the 6 October 1944 earthquake (M-w=6.8). These palaeoseismic data indicate that there is no systematic earthquake recurrence period on the EFZ.