Microencapsulation in textiles

ERKAN G., Sariisik M.

Colourage, vol.51, 2004 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Journal Name: Colourage
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, Compendex
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Microencapsulation, a technique that allows liquid or solid agents, such as drugs, proteins, cosmetics, dyes, and fragrance, to be encapsulated by a suitable barrier wall, is being used in the textile industry for functional finishes, which in turn helps in competition, gaining added values and increasing market share. Some of the microencapsulation techniques include interfacial polymerization, spray drying, hot melt microencapsulation, and coacervation. These microencapsulation techniques offer advantages such as controlled release behavior, protection of agents from hazardous environments, and increase in the surface area. The microencapsulated phase change materials (PCM) using crosslinking agents or binders, are being used in textile and garment processing. Further, flame or fire retardant (FR) agents are being microencapsulated for their use in melt spinning and interfacial polymerization. Thus, companies such as Speciality Textile Products Limited have developed microcapsules called Silver Cap, containing silver nano-particles on the outer wall of the microspheres, for providing anti-microbial effects.