Globalization and the trends of medical technology trade in Turkey.

Semin S. S., Guldal D., Demiral Y.

Health policy (Amsterdam, Netherlands), vol.81, no.2-3, pp.320-7, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 81 Issue: 2-3
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2006.07.002
  • Journal Name: Health policy (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.320-7
  • Keywords: medical technology trade, developing countries dependency, PHARMACEUTICAL-INDUSTRY, HEALTH, COUNTRIES, DIFFUSION
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Medical technology trade is one of the most affected health areas by global regulations in the developing countries. The aim of the study is to examine recent changes in medical technology import and export and their results in Turkey. Data show that the total medical technology imports (MTI) increased from $ 34.6 million to $ 3427.9 million between 1970 and 2003. While MTI constituted 3.6% of total imports in 1970 and 1.3% in 1980, this ratio raised up to 4.9% in 2003. The ratio of MTI in total health expenditures were also increased from 7.6% in 1970 to 31.5% in 2003. Medical technology exports (MTE) have been increased from $ 0.9 million in 1970 to $ 303.2 million in 2003. The ratio of MTE to MTI increased from 2.7% to 13.9% between 1970 and 1990 and decreased after 1990, to 8.8%. Our study implied that the medical technology trade in Turkey has been negatively affected and in some respects differs from some other important industries in the globalization era. Nevertheless, detailed comparative studies in different developing countries such as China, Brazil, Mexico and India, are needed to explore the real state of medical technology trade, use and the effects of globalization on these topics. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.