The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of pre-competition anxiety levels of Turkish National Team athletes competing in the Tokyo Olympic Games in 2021 on their competitive performance. A total of 5 Turkish National Team gymnasts, 4 men and 1 woman, who competed in the artistic gymnastics branch in the 32nd Summer Olympic Games (2021, Tokyo / JAPAN) participated in this study. In this study, which was planned as a qualitative research, the data were obtained by applying the interview and observation technique. During the interview, questions were asked to the gymnasts to evaluate their performance and anxiety. After the Olympics, the video recordings of the competition routines of the artistic gymnasts were watched together with the gymnasts and their trainers, their performance errors, their thoughts about their pre-competition performances and their anxiety levels in the pre-competition interview were evaluated.With the Training Information Form, information was obtained about the history and physical profiles of the gymnasts. SPSS 23.0 program (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL) was used for descriptive statistical analyses. Anxiety was summarized after the information obtained through the interview with the participants was organized and coded. Thencompetition performance were examined. It was recorded in which movements the gymnasts made mistakes. The obtained interview data were matched with the findings of the video recordings, and the anxiety states of the gymnasts and the mistakes they made during the competition were evaluated.