Inflammation-based prognostic scores in geriatric patients with rectal cancer.


Manoglu B., Sokmen S., Bisgin T., Semiz H. S., Görken İ., Ellidokuz H.

Techniques in coloproctology, vol.27, pp.397-405, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10151-022-02710-0
  • Journal Name: Techniques in coloproctology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.397-405
  • Keywords: Rectal cancer, Oncologic surgery, Prognostic score, Geriatric patient, FRANCE PACA REGION, COLORECTAL-CANCER, OLDER PATIENTS, PREOPERATIVE RADIOTHERAPY, INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY, ELECTIVE SURGERY, ELDERLY-PATIENTS, OUTCOMES, MANAGEMENT, SURVIVAL
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background Morbidity/mortality and oncologic outcomes can be worsened in geriatric rectal cancer patients due to comorbidities and frailty. The aim of this study was to compare surgical and oncological results of geriatric rectal cancer patients using inflammation-based prognostic scores. Methods The prospectively maintained database of 991 rectal cancer patients treated at our center between 2007 and 2020 were analyzed. All conventional clinicopathologic features, and oncologic outcomes are compared between patients >= 65 years old (geriatric patients: Group I) and < 65 years old (non-geriatric patients: Group II). The modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) and the C-reactive protein-albumin ratio (CAR), were determined. The prognostic value of mGPS and CAR as well as the well-known clinico-pathologic factors to predict surgical morbidity, mortality, local and/or distant recurrence, and overall survival was assessed. Results There were 567 (57.2%) patients who were >= 65 years old (Group I; 349 males, median age 74 [range 65-9]) years) and 424 (42.8%) who were < 65 years old (Group II; 252 males, median age 58 [range 20-64] years). The high-grade [Clavien-Dindo III-IV] complications rates of Group I and Group II patients sere 20% (n = 113), and 9% (n = 37), respectively. High-grade complications were related to mGPS (p < 0.001) and CAR (p < 0.001) values. The high-grade complication rate was found to be higher in Group I than in Group II, and this was statistically significant (p < 0.001). High preoperative mGPS and CAR values were significantly associated with postoperative mortality (p < 0.001). In Cox multivariate analysis, mGPS (p = 0.003) and CAR (p = 0.001) were significantly in correlation with lowered overall survival. The mGPS and CAR were found to be independent prognostic factors for overall survival. Conclusions The mGPS and CAR can predict severe postoperative complications and early mortality. mGPS, and CAR have a powerful prognostic value and the potential clinical usefulness to predict decreased overall survival in both geriatric and non-geriatric rectal cancer patients.