Influence of time-dependency on elastic rock properties under constant load and its effect on tunnel stability

Aksoy C. O., UYAR AKSOY G. G., Guney A., ÖZACAR V., Yaman H. E.

GEOMECHANICS AND ENGINEERING, vol.20, no.1, pp.1-7, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.12989/gae.2020.20.1.001
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Compendex
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-7
  • Keywords: modulus of elasticity, Poisson's ratio, time-dependency, rock mass deformation, intact rock deformation, DEFORMATION MODULUS, MASSES, DAMAGE
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


In structures excavated in rock mass, load progressively increases to a level and remains constant during the construction. Rocks display different elastic properties such as E-i and v under different loading conditions and this requires to use the true values of elastic properties for the design of safe structures in rock. Also, rocks will undergo horizontal and vertical deformations depending on the amount of load applied. However, under constant loads, values of E-i and v will vary in time and induce variations in the behavior of the rock mass. In some empirical equations in which deformation modulus of the rock mass is taken into consideration, elastic parameters of intact rock become functions in the equation. Hence, the use of time dependent elastic properties determined under constant loading will yield more reliable results than when only constant elastic properties are used. As well known, rock material will play an important role in the deformation mechanism since the discontinuities will be closed due to the load. In this study, E-i and v values of intact rocks were investigated under different constant loads for certain rocks with high deformation capabilities. The results indicated significant time dependent variations in elastic properties under constant loading conditions. E-i value obtained from deformability test was found to be higher than the E-i value obtained from the constant loading test. This implies that when static values of elastic properties are used, the material is defined as more elastic than the rock material itself In fact, E-i and v values embedded in empirical equations are not static. Hence, this workattempts to emerge a new understanding in designing of safer structures in rock mass by numerical methods. The use of time-dependent values of E-i, and v under different constant loads will yield more accurate results in numerical modeling analysis.