Factors affecting adsorption characteristics of Zn2+ on two natural zeolites

ÖREN A. H., Kaya A.

JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, vol.131, pp.59-65, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 131
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.09.027
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.59-65
  • Keywords: zinc, zeolite, ion exchange, heavy metal, adsorption, pH, slurry concentration, metal ion concentration, HEAVY-METAL REMOVAL, SORPTION CHARACTERISTICS, ZINC CONTAMINATION, AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS, PB2+ EXCHANGE, ION-EXCHANGE, BENTONITE, CLINOPTILOLITE, WATER, LEAD
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Mining-related and industrial wastes are primary sources of heavy metal contamination in soils and groundwater. The limitation of such waste in drinking water needs to meet government requirements in order to safeguard human health and environment. Zinc, one of the most preponderant pollutants, is difficult to remove from wastewater rather than other heavy metals (i.e. lead, copper and cadmium). This paper investigates Zn2+, adsorption characteristics of two natural zeolites found in the regions of Gordes and Bigadic, in western Turkey. The results show that the Zn2+ adsorption behavior of both zeolites is highly dependent on the pH. Adsorption dependence on lower pH values (pH < 4) is explained by the dissolution of crystal structure and the competition of the zinc ions with the H+. Between pH 4 and 6, the basic mechanism is the ion exchange process. The results also showed that decrease in grain size does not increase the adsorption capacity of zeolite from Gordes, yet it increases that of zeolite from Bigadic about 23%. The results also reveal that an increase in the initial concentration of Zn2+ in the system causes an increase in the adsorption capacity to a degree, then it becomes more constant at higher concentrations. With this, the removal efficiency of Gordes zeolite is two times higher than that of Bigadic zeolite. Results show that an increase in slurry concentration results in a lower uptake of Zn2+. In the final part of the paper, we compared the experimental data with the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The results show that there is a good fit between the experimental data and empirical isotherms. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.